About UsDepartmentsInternational Symposium on Traditional Medicine in ToyamaMuseum of Materia Medica

Museum of Materia Medica, Research Center for Ethnomedicine

TEL: 076-434-2281 (ext.2833); FAX: 076-434-5064
[English] http://www.inm.u-toyama.ac.jp/en/departments/11_mmm.html
[Japanese] http://www.inm.u-toyama.ac.jp/jp/departments/11_mmm.html
[Website] http://www.inm.u-toyama.ac.jp/mmmw/index.html

  
Director of the Research Center for Ethnomedicine (concurrent post) Katsuko Komatsu, Ph. D.

Purpose

The main purpose is to promote collaborative research and education on the traditional medicine by providing the information of authentication and standardization of the traditional natural medicines in light of scientific methods. To fulfill this purpose, the crude drug samples have been collected directly from ethnic village people, local markets and academic institutions covering several countries in the world. The database recording scientific and traditional information of the crude drug samples has been constructed.

History

Oct. 1973 The museum was started as a crude drug specimen room belonging to the Department of Development of Natural Drug Resources, Research Facilities for Wakan-Yaku under Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Toyama University.
Jun. 1974 Research Institute for Wakan-Yaku under Toyama University was founded.
Jun. 1978 Research Institute for Wakan-Yaku under Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University was founded.
Apr. 1980 A crude drug specimen room in Research Institute for Wakan-Yaku, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University was founded. Crude drug samples were moved from Toyama University.
Jul. 1985 The ground floor of a preservation building for pharmaceutical materials was developed as the Museum of Materia Medica (202m2) under the care of Department of Development of Natural Drug Resources. Crude drug samples were moved from Research Institute for Wakan-Yaku.
Sep. 1994 The floor size of Museum of Materia Medica (193m2) was extended.
May 1996 Research Center for Ethnomedicines, (Assoc. Prof. 1; Assist. Prof. 1) affiliated to Research Institute for Wakan-Yaku, was founded. The museum has been guided by the Center.
Apr. 1998 Position of Foreign Visiting Professor and Associate Professor was established in Research Center for Ethnomedicines.
Oct. 1998 The first exhibition of the museum for public was held. Since this year, an annual exhibition has been started.
Apr. 2000 The database ETHMEDmmm (Japanese version) was opened on the web site under the home page of this museum.
Apr. 2002 Regulations on use of crude drug samples preserved in the Museum of Materia Medica, Research Center for Ethnomedicines were enforced.
Jul. 2005 The database ETHMEDmmm (English version) was opened on the web site.
Aug. 2005 Reorganized as the Museum of Materia Medica, Research Center for Ethnomedicine.Regulations on use of crude drug samples preserved in the Museum of Materia Medica, Research Center for Ethnomedicine were enforced.
Oct. 2005 Reorganized as the Museum of Materia Medica, Research Center for Ethnomedicine, Institute of Natural Medicine, University of Toyama.
Jun. 2010 Commemorative ceremony for completion of the building
Nov. 2011 Fitment of 3rd floor of the Museum of Materia Medica
Nov. 2012 First issue of Museum of Materia Medica Newsletter was published.
Mar. 2013 Inventory of Crude Drugs in Museum of Materia Medica Volume 1 was published.
Mar. 2014 Inventory of Crude Drugs in Museum of Materia Medica Volume 2 was published.
Mar. 2016 Inventory of Crude Drugs in Museum of Materia Medica Volume 4 was published.


Building

The museum occupies 1,085m2 area. 1st Floor: two exhibition rooms of 322 and 109㎡. 2nd Floor: three exhibition rooms of 120, 56 and 37㎡.

Samples

The museum keeps and displays crude drug samples mainly used for Kampo medicine and Chinese medicine, as well as Indian crude drugs used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine, and Unani medicine used in Greek-Arabic countries. Crude drug samples (29,000 samples indexed), herbal specimens (34,000 samples indexed), pharmaceutical preparations of Kampo formulations (200 samples), drugs-on-deposit production in Toyama, herbological books, and so on. This is the biggest museum of crude drugs in the world, concerning the number of items it keeps and the wide range it has covered over the world. Most of the items including crude drugs have significant educational, scientific and historical value.

Others

There are several times of exhibition for the public and the date are posted in each case on the website. The number of annual visitors to the museum is about 1,000 and 10% of these are from abroad. The Museum of Materia Medica draws international attention as the exemplary crude drug repository as the potential of traditional medicine has become recognized.

keywords

Ethno-medicines, Crude drugs / Herbal medicines, Kampo formulation, Folk medicine, Database, Shoruihonzo, Traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurveda, Traditional medicine

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The Database of Ethno-medicines in the World (ETHMEDmmm)

[Website] http://www.inm.u-toyama.ac.jp/mmmw/index.html

Purpose

This database records sample data and scientific information of about 28,000 crude drug samples which have been preserved in the Museum of Materia Medica, Research Center for Ethnomedicine, Institute of Natural Medicine, University of Toyama. These crude drugs have been used in various Traditional Medicine and Ethnomedicine in the world. The purpose of the database is to promote research on traditional medicine by providing the information on crude drugs to medical and pharmaceutical researchers all over the world, and also to inform the usefulness and secureness of crude drug materials of the Kampo medicine and food supplements for the public.

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Contents

ETHMEDmmm consists of crude drug sample database and scientific information database. These two databases are linked to each other, and data in both of them can be viewed at the same time on the web. The scientific information of the ETHMEDmmm can be searched as a general or a professional system. Searched topics and viewed results are different under the two systems. ETHMEDmmm is written in Japanese (Jap. version) and English (Eng. version).

Progression of ETHMEDmmm

1997 Preparation of the database (DB) was started.
1998 Basic DB software for inputting data was completed and it was available only to researchers in our institute.
1999* The explanation of Ethnomedicine was added in the home page of Museum of Materia Medica. A web application to publicize the DB on the web was developed. Scientific information of 250 kinds of crude drugs and information of 5,600 museum samples were preserved, verified and constructed as the DB, which were frequently used in the traditional Japanese & Chinese medicine.
2000* Scientific information of additional 200 kinds of crude drugs and information of 5,500 museum samples were preserved, verified and constructed as DB. DB software on Ayurvedic crude drugs was also developed.
2001* The web software was upgraded to the present one which responses to both traditional Japanese & Chinese and Ayurvedic crude drug databases.
2002 The web application of English version was created.
2003* Scientific information of 230 kinds of crude drugs and information of 3,000 museum samples in the traditional Japanese & Chinese crude drug DB have been started translating into English. Scientific information of 492 kinds of crude drugs and information of 1,712 museum samples were preserved, verified and constructed as the Ayurvedic crude drug DB.
2004 DB software on Unani crude drugs was developed and scientific information of 332 kinds of crude drugs was preserved.
2005 The English version of the traditional Japanese & Chinese crude drug DB was primarily hosted on the Internet. Information of 580 museum samples was preserved in the Unani crude drug DB.
The translation of Chinese herbal classic ‘’Shoruihonzo’’ and compilation as a database were initiated (Shoruihonzo DB).
2006 DB software on Thai crude drugs was developed and scientific information of 173 kinds of crude drugs and information of 320 museum samples were preserved. The web applications of Unani and Thai crude drug DB were also built. A web application of Shoruihonzo DB* was created and hosted partly on the web.
2007 All the data in the Unani crude drug DB (575 sample info. respectively linked to 320 kinds of scientific info. respectively) and Thai crude drug DB (411 sample info. linked to 668 kinds of scientific info. respectively) was final modified The DB software and the web application of the Indonesian DB were created, and approx. 200 kinds of scientific info. and 600 sample data were entered.
Data of plant origin was registered in the Nepal herbal classic DB.
2009 Approximately 300 kinds of scientific information and 1200 sample data of the plant origin were registered in Tibetan DB.
2010 Additional 62 kinds of scientific information and 120 sample data of the mineral or the animal origin were registered in Tibetan DB.
2014 Additional data up to 28,000 in the list of Museum of Material Medica
2016 The online search system of ETHMEDmmm was completely overhauled. Ayurvedic crude drug DB and Indonesian crude drug DB were released.
[* Supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Publication Scientific Research Results, from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science]

Method of ETHMEDmmm

ETHMEDmmm is open on the website under the home page of Museum of Materia Medica, Institute of Natural Medicine, University of Toyama. Search is possible with the on-line and real time system. No fees will be charged for the use.