|Ethnic people around the world developed their own
drugs to fight against the diseases by hit and trail
methods based on their experiences and passed
the knowledge from generation to generation.
Their knowledge on medicine is called as Ethnomedicine.
The long experiences of various ethnic groups in the
early human civilization helped to develop a complete
system of medicine known as the Traditional medicine.
The Traditional Chinese Medicine, the Traditional Indian
Medicine (Ayurvedic system of medicine), the Unani
medicine, etc. are among such examples.
For the purpose of research and education, about 20,000
crude drug samples used in the various Traditional
Medicine and Ethnomedicine have been collected from
several countries in the world and displayed in
the Museum of Materia Medica (MMM).
|Traditional Chinese Medicine|
|Traditional Indian Medicine|
|Besides crude drug samples, approx. 32,000 herbal specimens,
herbal preparations, materials relating to stationed home drugs,
Honzo-sho (classical herbal literature) and other classical
medical literature are preserved.
Herbal literature : It is the most
important Chinese literature to study
the origin of Chinese crude drugs(12th
century ,the Song period in China).
Instrument to make pills :
It had been used in Toyama prefecture in Japan
until the middle of 20th century (the early